Pivotal help in Water Scarcity

Chlorine Dioxide disinfectant can empower water-stressed communities to meet critical needs.

Use as a disinfectant is versatile and simple via a refillable spray bottle provided to each person. Facilitates easier sanitation.

  • Spray bottles are convenient, portable, easy to remember.

  • Spraying is quicker than applying gels or wipes.

  • People more likely to disinfect after minor issues (face touching, small cough, etc.) more frequently when it doesn't require going to a sink.

  • Safe, multi-purpose disinfectant for skin, clothes, surfaces, air, and PPE. (Also for water and rinsing foods, at low concentrations.)

    • Note: Consistency is same as water. If cleaning oily surface, soap or alcohol should also be used.

  • Intense kill of pathogens with comparatively little water.

  • Much less expensive than alcohols, and milder on skin.

  • Safe to inhale at low concentrations.

Economical and practical.

  • Initial individual cost: USD $1.50 basic spray bottle, or $6 sustained-pressure spray bottle, or $15 pump-up spray bottle.

  • Mixing equipment:
    $6 opaque 25-litre jug; or $22 opaque 200-L barrel;
    or $250 community mixing station.

  • Ongoing cost: $0.70 / gallon for refill solution, or <$1 / gallon for solution-generating tablets. Powders also available.

  • Spray bottle reduces product waste compared to using bottle with cap.

  • Transportation costs: At least 85% lower than bleach, because less chemical is needed.

When sprayed into air, will help sanitize air and surfaces where it lands.

  • Potentially highly valuable for multi-generational and crowded homes.

  • Businesses, schools and healthcare centers can operate more safely.

  • Convenient enough to become a routine practice that reduces contagion from non-symptomatic individuals.

  • Decreases amount of pathogens that patients must fight in sick rooms.

  • Can reduce hospital crowding by making home environments safer for isolation.

Kills more pathogens, rapidly.

  • Highly effective against an exceptionally broad range of viruses, bacteria, molds & fungi.

  • Disinfection is rapid and powerful, so even brief contact kills many germs.

  • Very low concentrations can kill pathogens in water & reduce food spoilage.

  • Penetrates biofilms to kill pathogens more deeply than other disinfectants.

  • Almost no organisms can build up resistance.

It is potent, so much less chemical is needed and transport is easier. Disinfecting solution can be easily made using local water.

  • Only 10-20% as much chemical is required for the same effectiveness as bleach (sodium hypochlorite).

  • Less affected by organic contaminants and pH variations.

  • Less wasting due to expiration after mixing. Various solutions are effective 5-14 days (versus only 1-2 days for bleach).

  • Basic training enables simple, safe mixing by local people.

Environmentally friendly.

  • Unlike bleach, creates no cancer-causing byproducts.

  • Less waste from disposable bottles and wipes.

    • Individuals can refill spray bottles or exchange for newly refilled; or individuals can use tablets to make fresh solution.

  • Disinfecting reactions result mostly in inert chemicals.

Water Treatment

Chlorine Dioxide is also an exceptional water treatment for a variety of purposes. It is commonly used throughout the world to treat drinking water, waste water, food processing waters, and cooling systems.

See USACHPPM technical information paper.